Geographic location

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. Its total area is 51,129 km2. The boundary length is 1,537 km, of which land 762,5 km, river 751 km and sea 23,5 km. Bosnia and Herzegovina borders with the Republic of Croatia (931 km), Serbia (375 km) and Montenegro (249 km). To the north part of Bosnia and Herzegovina comes to the Sava River, and to the southern part of the Adriatic Sea at Neum. The land of Bosnia and Herzegovina is remarkably mountainous, with an average altitude of 500 m. Of the total area of BH, 5% of the waste on the plains, 24% on the hills, 42% on the mountains and 29% on the karst. (NEAP, 2003) Bosnia and Herzegovina is regulated by the Dayton Accord, which consists of the Federation of BiH (10 cantons), Republika Srpska and Brčko District.

General and economic information




City of Sarajevo, population, estimate 2016


Territorial organization






Time zone





                        Bosnian Convertible Mark (BAM)

Phone dial code


BIGGER CITIES (Population number)


Gross domestic product, annual rate of actual growth % ESA 2010 (USD, 2015.)


Average monthly net salary, BAM


Average monthly gross salary, BAM


Import coverage by exports, %


Import per capita, EUR


Export per capita, EUR


Export (2017)

                         2bn EUR

Import (2017)

                         6bn EUR

Most important foreign trade partners (2017)

Most important export industries (2017)


Data taken from the Foreign Investment Promotion Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina web site.
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